Education is the backbone of every economy. It is imperative to have an updated education system for any country to compete in the world. The Indian education system has been criticized due to its inability to generate employability for the kids. The failure has been owed to the traditional curriculum followed by the schools, lack of innovative ideas, and inadequate teacher training facilities.
It has also been highlighted that the learning methods adopted by the schools are memorization and the program is oriented towards exams, completely digressing from the fact that thorough understanding and learning are helpful for kids in the long term. Taking into consideration the current statistics, according to a study conducted by aspiring minds, 80% of engineers that India produces are not employable & it has not been improved for the last 7 years.
The study also claims that only 4.77% of candidates could write the correct logic for programming, which is a minimum requirement for any programming job. The companies are entering the Indian market but the candidates are not able to meet the job expectations. With the current situation of skill and employability in India, our future generations must learn & develop skills that make them more efficient and ready for the challenges thrown by the industries.
STEM education has been seeking attention because of the ability of the program to critique, inquire, wonder, and innovate while sticking to the curriculum. It is aiming to improve the education system in India while nourishing the skills of future generations.
What Is STEM Education?
STEM is a curriculum devised to teach the four specific disciplines to the students – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics in an integrated manner. The students apply the approaches from all the subjects to real-world problems and find solutions to them. It helps the students to develop skills such as logical thinking, problem-solving, creativity, digital literacy, teamwork, initiatives, and communication.
To make learning more impactful and interesting the concept of STEM was first introduced in the United States. The U.S. government has been driving for decades to include STEM education in the school curriculum. In the year 1958, President Eisenhower proposed the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). In the year 1961, when Eisenhower left the office, and President Kennedy took over, he continued to encourage the ideas for innovation in the areas of STEM.
In 2009, President Obama also introduced the Educate to Innovate initiative which aimed to move the students of the United States to the top of the pack of science & math achievement. Some of the key milestones in the initiative include increasing federal investment in STEM and preparing 100,000 new STEM teachers by 2021.
STEM Education – India
Atal Tinkering Lab (ATL) is an approach by the Central government of India to build an environment of scientific temperament, innovation, creativity amongst the students of India. Through ATL, young minds can shape up their ideas through hands-on & DIY innovation skills. It intends to inculcate skills such as physical computing, rapid calculations, adaptive learning, and creative thinking among others.
The first phase of Atal Tinkering Labs has brought India a step closer to the mission of creating one million child innovators in India by 2020. Such measures demonstrate the efforts taken by the government of India to improve the skills of future generations. Also, there are active efforts taken by the private organizations which are promoting STEM by conducting competitions, workshops, among other events. Companies such as IBM, Wipro, Infosys, etc are driving initiatives to promote the interest in STEM-based learnings.
These companies are working towards creating awareness about new technologies such as artificial intelligence and ensuring skills ready workforce. For instance, IBM supports Niti Ayog’s ATL mission and is launching school programs that would expose the kids to new technology in cognitive and artificial intelligence.
STEM – Job Opportunities In India
As per the data by the National Science Foundation, it is predicted that 80% of jobs created in the next decade will require some form of science & maths skills. The Indian government is promoting initiatives such as Make in India, Skill India, and Digital India to encourage manufacturing, technology usage, and skill development, which makes STEM as an integral part of the curriculum.
In A Nutshell
With the continuous technological development across the industries, it is significant for the candidates to develop critical thinking & logic accompanied by creativity to fight competition. This would only be possible if the mind-set has been worked upon since the early education. Along with academics, students need to develop STEM-based skills. Please visit www.codingal.com to make your kid ready to face the competition.